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Podcasts and Webcasts for Cataloguing

Just what is a podcast? Podcasts and webcasts are online video or audio “programs” that can be downloaded and listened or watched at anytime and are also usually available through a feed. The New American Dictionary defines a podcast as “a digital recording of a radio broadcast or similar program, made available on the Internet for downloading to a personal audio player”. Podcasts and webcasts are the same thing. The term “podcast” seems to be becoming common nomenclature given that these programs can be downloaded to an iPod. Many radio stations offer podcasts of their radio programs. Both NPR and CBC offer podcasts so lets say your favourite show is Quirks and Quarks, you can simply listen to the podcast at any time on your computer instead of waiting for the radio broadcast (Podcasting at CBC). For a more complete discussion of Podcasting the Wikipedia has an extensive introduction.

There are a number of podcasts and webcasts on issues related to libraries, and in particular cataloguing, available on the net.
The Library of Congress has a page of webcasts specifically for librarians. Some of particular interest to cataloguers are “Life beyond MARC” with Roy Tennant, “Cataloging and Librarianship” with Diane Marcum, “No Longer Under Our Control: The Nature and Role of Standards in the 21st Century Library” with William Moen.

I will continue to post podcasts related to libraries and cataloguing as I find them.

Tagging at work in the OPAC

Some interesting examples of where social tagging is being used in a library context:

University of Pennsylvania PennTags:
Library users can tag their favourite bookmarks and also records from the catalogue. A “Tag Cloud” has been created where the tags with the most items appear larger. A good example is the tag “gender”; there are a number of different resources tagged with the word “Gender” including websites from the WHO, journal indexes and books in the library collection.

Daveyp, Library Systems Manager at the University of Huddersfield, has created a tag cloud of subject terms from the University of Huddersfield catalogue . It’s quite fun so have a look: Daveyp’s Tag Cloud.

While the tagging is interesting how useful is it to catalogue users? Does it have a place within a library context?

Library 2.0

Library 2.0 is another item getting “press” right now in the library world. So just what is it?

Library 2.0 is an expansion of the term “Web 2.0″. A term who’s definition is somewhat contentious (read the Wikipedia definition: Web 2.0). The idea that web has moved beyond a place where one views static web pages (Web 1.0) and is much more dynamic and interactive. Examples of Web 2.0-type things are blogs, tagging/folksonomes, podcasts, wikis, and RSS feeds. Library 2.0 takes the ideas Web 2.0 and moves it into world of the library.

An excellent discussion written by self-described “Shifted Librarian” Jenny Levine has just been posted on the ALATechSource blog. It’s called “Library 2.0 in the Real World” and worth a read through.

Folksonomies or “Social Tagging”

You may or may not have heard of folksonomies, sometimes referred to as social tagging. These words have been getting quite a bit of press of late in the library world. So just what is it?

Folksonomies provide a way for people to classify things on the web. These one-word classification terms are often referred to tags and act, in some ways, like LCSH headings by organising information into subject areas. You can “tag” digital photos, websites, blog postings, all sorts of things! The big difference between folksonomies and LCSH heading is that these tags are not controlled by a list of preferred terms therefore you can “tag” your “item” with anything you like. Because these tags are produced by individuals, often produced “on the fly” and also often in a social setting, they may only make sense to the person who produces the tag. While I may tag a photo with “cat”, someone else may tag it with something completely different, like “kitty” or “tiger” or even “Spot” if they happen to be on a first name basis with the cat. This can produce quite fascinating results. However an obvious problem is that when you want to search for something, like this particular photo, you have to guess at what another person has called their item. If you never think to search for “spot” you will never find the photo. Unlike our library catalogue, which uses the authority file to direct users to the “preferred term”, there are no preferred terms with folksonomies–anything goes!

Some interesting online uses of folksonomies include Flickr, a online community devoted to sharing photos; you can go to Library Thing and tag your personal library; and check out 43 Things for a fun use of social tagging. Technorati is an online service that allows users to tag their blog postings, making searching and sorting of blogs easier. Like Technorati, allows blogs to tag content, it also allows you to store and sort your bookmarks into subjects. I have used to tag posts on the YorkBibBlog and a “tag roll” has been created on the right hand side of the blog. I have used tags that make sense to me and each post has several tags. This should make content on the blog easier to find.

I will be posting further information about folksonomies in the days to come. In the mean time check out the new YorkBibBlog tag roll!

For further information about folksonomies check out the following:
Wired News: Folksonomies Tap People Power by Daniel Terdiman
D-Lib Magazine: Folksonomies: Tidying up Tags? by Marieke Guy & Emma Tonkin