Skip to main content
Skip to main content
Glendon Campus Alumni Research Giving to York Media Careers International York U Lions Accessibility
Future Students Current Students Faculty and Staff
Faculties Libraries York U Organization Directory Site Index Campus Maps

NATS 1700 Computers, Information and Society Research Session

This presentation is at:

FREE Citation Management Software

FREE Citation Management Software

  • RefWorks site (Login) can help you manage your footnotes & bibliography on the web. Easy to use, interfaces directly with MS Word to create footnotes & bibliographies
    • For off campus use, get the York group code here.
    • FAQ and Instructions for various databases
    • RefWorks Tutorial
    • For ACM Digital Library & other databases like dblp, you can import from the bibtex format.
      • Use the References–>Import Feature
  • Key points:
  • Don’t forget to install Write-n-Cite on your PC. It’s in the Tools menu
  • Also don’t forget to move items out of the “Last Imported” folder into the folder you create for your course
  • Lastly, don’t forget to use “Edit citation” in the Write-n-cite application to get page numbers!

Logging in from Home

  • Need to use Passport York or bar code number & PIN from library card to authenticate as a York user
  • Information here on logging in

Background Information


Scholarly publishing

Picking a Topic

Find something you’re interested, make sure it’s not too general or too specific. Have a plan B.

My topic: outsourcing & brain drain in the IT sector

  • pick a topic that interests you
  • narrow your topic — often helpful to start looking at sources to help you narrow
  • get a angle/perspective
  • have a plan B (exporting electronic waste)
  • toolbox approach: books, journal articles, newspapers & magazines, government sources
  • Stage One: Relevant Wikipedia articles
    • Why use Wikipedia
      • A good place to start your search for information — but only the start
      • Helps build vocabulary for searches later on
      • Usually good links to further, high quality resources
    • ewaste
    • outsourcing



Take a look at a Venn Diagram!

Most commons Boolean operators: AND & OR.

AND is used to combine two concepts (ie. outsourcing and programming)

OR is used for synonyms (ie. outsourcing or offshoring)

Sometimes it’s also handy to use NOT

It’s also useful to use parentheses to make sure that your concepts are grouped exactly like you want them to be

Programming and (outsourcing or offshoring)


Finding Books & Journals

  • Do a search in The York Catalogue:
    • by title: Strategic computing : DARPA and the quest for machine
      intelligence, 1983-1993
    • by author: Ceruzzi Paul
    • by journal title: Scientific American
    • by subject: computers and society
    • by keyword: outsourcing
    • by keyword: outsourcing and software
    • by keyword: outsourcing and (software or technology)
    • by keyword: technology and history
    • by keyword: information and society
    • by keyword: open source and software
    • by keyword: intellectual property and technology
    • by keyword: comput$ and hist$ and canad$
  • Three important books in Steacie reference section:
    • Encyclopedia of information systems — T 58.5 E52 2003
    • Encyclopedia of computer science — QA 76.15 E48 2003
    • Encyclopedia of computers and computer history — Q
    • Google Book Searchis a great tool for finding relevant books
      • outsourcing IT to india
    • Use RACER to borrow books that York doesn’t have!

Finding Articles

These online databases can also be found in the eResources
Quick Links or Search
boxes on the library home page.

  • all the databases are similar, so try searches like these
    • outsourcing and shortages
    • outsourcing and programmers
    • outsourcing and engineers
    • computers and society
    • technology and history
    • information and society
    • open source and software and legal
    • intellectual property and technology and ethical
    • outsourcing and information technology and human resources


Full Text Databases — The full text for most of the articles is included in the database itself. This is as opposed to Google and other databases which just index data and point to it in other locations.



Patents are exclusive rights to some sort of intellectual property granted by a government

Two best sources:

  • Google Patent — easiest to use but only US & not current
  • Espacenet — international and up to date, but more complex to use

Using the Internet Wisely

  • Wikipedia — a free, open source encyclopedia. Surprisingly good for some background information
  • Using Google or Google Scholaras a scholarly research tool:
    • strategy: find good portal sites: Google directory page
    • strategy: make sure you know exactly who produced the content

You can also friend me or send me a message on Facebook

Also, the Steacie Library now has a FaceBook page! Become a Fan!