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Business Collection Development Policy

Subject Librarian(s): Sophie Bury, Xuemei Li, Angie An, Stephanie Quail

Description of Current Collection and Programs Supported

This collection supports the teaching and research of the Schulich School of Business and the Atkinson School of Administrative Studies as well as business related courses and certificate programs offered in the Faculty of Arts and the Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies. The collection also supports business research related to multidisciplinary programs in various York University Faculties, e.g. Faculty of Environmental Studies and Faculty of Arts, Division of Social Science and specialized programs such as Business and Society.

Schulich School of Business

Graduate Programs

The Schulich School of Business at York University (formerly the Faculty of Administrative Studies) was founded in 1966. The following degree programs are offered at the graduate level: MBA (Master of Business Administration), IMBA (International Master of Business Adminstration), MBA/LLB (Bachelor of Laws), MPA (Master of Public Administration), MBA/MFA (Master of Fine Arts, MBA/MA (Master of Arts), EMBA (Joint Kellogg-Schulich Executive MBA), and postgraduate PhD (PhD in Administration. The IMBA program was established in 1989 and the EMBA in 2001. Programs are offered on both a full-time and part-time basis.

The Schulich School of Business graduate programs have the following main areas of study: Accounting; Economics; Finance; Marketing; Operations Management and Information Systems; Organizational Behaviour/ Industrial Relations; Strategic Management; as well as the following industry related areas: Arts & Media Administration; Business Consulting; eBusiness; Financial Engineering; Financial Services; Health Industry Management; Nonprofit Management and Leadership; Public Management; Real Property Development; and specialized areas including: Business & Sustainability; Business Ethics; Entrepreneurial Studies; and International Business. For those enrolled in the IMBA program, fluency in two or more languages (e.g., Spanish, Mandarin, Japanese, French, German, English (ESL), Russian, etc.) is recommended.

Proposed growth areas are expanding the financial services and quantitative finance areas and the health industry management area.

PhD Programs

The PhD program offers a quantitative/qualitative research mix and a core-elective course combination. Students can choose to complete their doctoral studies in one of six key management discipline: Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Operations Management, Organizational Behaviour or Management Policy.

Executive Education

The Schulich Executive Education Centre offers a variety of executive education courses and programs, including certificate programs.

Undergraduate Programs

The BBA program (Honours Bachelor of Business Administration) was established in 1969 and the iBBA (International Bachelor of Business Administration) was established in 2000. Both are four year programs. Starting in Year 1 Schulich-based core management courses emphasize the development of students' critical analysis and communication skills within the context of management studies. Management courses are taken sequentially, with each one building on the courses already completed. In Years 3 and 4, students can use Schulich-based management elective courses to specialize in one or more areas, including: Accounting; Economics; Marketing; Finance; Operations Management and Informations Systems; Organizational Behaviour/ Industrial Relations; Entrepreneurial and Family Business Studies; and International Business. All students enrolled in the iBBA program are required to study a language throughout their degree at York - French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Mandarin, Portuguese, Russian or Spanish. Non-management electives also allow students to choose from a broad range of offerings in York University's other Faculties in areas such as political science, humanities, social science, natural science and fine arts.

Proposed growth areas are in management in the entertainment and tourism industries.

Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, School of Administrative Studies

Undergraduate Programs

Atkinson's School of Administrative Studies offers a range of programs in business and management with approximately 300 courses offered on an annual basis. The majority of degree programs are offered at the undergraduate level, though some graduate and non-degree level programs (Professional Certificates and Diplomas) are also available.

The School has shown considerable growth in recent years and now has some sixty tenure-track faculty in multiple business disciplines. This has facilitated the development of new areas of specialization including Corporate Governance, Law & Ethics; Emergency Management and Finance.

The School offers a general B.A.S. degree (90 credits) and a B.A.S. (Hons.) degree (120 credits). It is also possible for students to complete a Bachelor of Human Resource Management (BHRM) degree or BHRM (Honours). A B.A.S. (Hons. Information Technology) may also be pursued. Within the B.A.S. (Hons.) degree program it is possible to major in any of the following six streams: Accounting, Business Research, Finance, General Management, Human Resources Management, and Marketing.

In addition to its in-class offerings the School intends to offer students the possibility of obtaining a B.A.S. degree entirely through its extensive web-based distance education program.

Graduate Programs

The executive Masters Degree in Human Resources Management was introduced in January 2004. Students may pursue this degree either full-time or part-time.

Certificate Programs

The School of Administrative Studies offers a number of certificate programs, which may be taken as degree-credit courses, or independently of a degree program. Certificate programs are as follows: Accounting, Human Resources Management, Logistics, Management, Marketing, Public Sector Management and Real Estate. A new Professional Certificate in Emergency Management is now in the final stages of the approval process and current awaits Senate review.

Collections at York University

The Business collection is related to and well complemented by the social sciences, government documents, economics, environmental studies, and History collections and the Library Data Services. Some of the material relating to the programme in Arts and Media Administration is collected in the Fine Arts area. The collection is dependent on the Law Library for legal aspects of taxation, commerce and international business.

Research Institutes at York University

The business library's collection also supports interdisciplinary research units within the University such as the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean, the Institute for Social Research, University of Toronto/York Joint Program in Transportation, The Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies, the Centre for Research for Public Law and Public Policy, The Centre for Research on Work and Society, the York Centre for Asian Research, the York Institute for Health Research, the York Institute for Innovation in Sustainability, the Centre for Practical Ethics, and the Canadian Centre for German and European Studies.


The print Business collection is almost entirely in the English language. Due to budgetary constraints, few foreign language publications are acquired. English translations of foreign language works are collected when available. French language Canadian materials are collected in the Frost Library of the Glendon Campus. The electronic Business collection provides access to newspapers in many languages but the journal collection is primarily in the English language. The Scott Library collects a limited number of titles in many of the language highlighted in the IMBA and iBBA programs.

Geographical Coverage

Canadian publications suitable for an academic collection are acquired comprehensively. American and British publications receive the next priority and are selectively acquired. English language publications from all over the world receive the third priority. The language restriction described above limits the acquisition of materials from some parts of the world. With the inception of the IMBA, country studies and analysis are being emphasized both in print and electronic formats. The Scott Library is largely responsible for acquiring print and electronic government documents from Canada and those countries with close economic and/or political relationships with Canada as well as materials from international organizations such as the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) and IMF (International Monetary Fund).

Chronological Coverage

The emphasis in the collection is on the contemporary period, defined as materials published after 1900, including back-runs of journals and newspapers, historic Canadian corporate annual reports, business history materials, and back-runs of key reference publications.

Date of Publications

The emphasis is on the acquisition of current imprints. Retrospective acquisition has not been attempted in recent years due to the paucity of book funds. However extensive current and back-runs of journals have been acquired via services such as JSTOR, Scholars Portal, ProQuest and EBSCO databases. The Bronfman Business Library attempts to acquire and keep all books authored by business faculty irrespective of publication date.

Relegation and Weeding

Superseded editions and out-of-date textbooks are weeded regularly during inventory of the collections which is completed in a three year cycle. Volumes that have not circulated for the last 5 years are also considered for weeding on a case by case basis.


Monograph donations are selectively accepted and are reviewed by librarian subject specialists for relevance to the existing collection. Given the emphasis on maintaining a current collection, very old materials will typically not be accepted. Emphasis is also on academic rather than professional or popular titles, and donations of text-book materials and print journals are not encouraged.

Types of Materials and Collections Criteria

In selecting both print and electronic publications for this collection, priority is given to theoretical or scholarly works, publications reporting research, empirical and analytical studies, proceedings and reports of scholarly conferences, country and industry studies. Heavily practitioner-oriented titles, self-help publications, and local studies (exception Canadian and major industrial countries) are not normally acquired. The extremes, i.e. popular works or very specialized and expensive works are not normally acquired except for a small collection of ¿Best Sellers¿.

  • Paperback monographs are preferred to hardback editions.
  • Textbooks are purchased if the author is well known in the field or if the publication is a standard text. Generally only advanced level textbooks and textbooks in new areas are selected with discretion.
  • Research and professional organizations¿ publications are selectively acquired.
  • Journals subscriptions are acquired and maintained in print or full-text electronic format.Print journals are only added when electronic format is not available. Due to budgetary constraints, when added a new print title, faculty are requested to consider canceling a lower priority journal. The majority of titles in the periodicals collection are available via a variety of full-text online services, such as ProQuest, EBSCO, Scholars Portal, etc.
  • Reference resources are added selectively and generally electronic format is preferred where available.The reference collection is reviewed annually and often one or more services are cancelled and replaced by an updated or new resource. In addition reference resources are available via services such as Lexis Nexis, Mergent Online, etc.
  • Data and statistical resources are normally provided electronically via services such as Statistics Canada's Data Liberation Initiative, Datastream, CRSP, WRDS, etc. The numeric databases are regularly reviewed and added to or cancelled after consultation with faculty.
  • Full-text and numeric databases and files are acquired when funds permit and when not, limited access is provided, e.g. stand-alone workstations. Where possible the libraries participate in consortium agreements.
  • Microform backruns are maintained for selected newspapers and journals.
  • Historical Canadian corporate reports etc on microfiche, CD ROMs may be acquired together with print monographs
  • Selected DVDs are acquired and located in the Sound and Moving Images Library located in the Scott Library.
  • Related index and abstract databases are acquired by other York University librarians and made available via the Libraries' network.
  • A systematic effort is made to identify and collect publications authored by York University faculty and staff in the subject area of this policy.
  • Heavily practioner-oriented, self-help publications and purely local studies are not normally acquired.
  • Best-sellers are acquired selectively
  • Multiple copies of high use materials are purchased but where possible use is made of the Reserve collection to improve access to high use items related to specific courses.

Resources Elsewhere in the Toronto Region and Beyond

The business reference collection at the Metropolitan Toronto Reference Library which is practitioner-oriented complements York 's collection which is academically oriented. The North York Public Library's business reference collection is useful because of its proximity and well-rounded collection.

In addition, there are a limited number of specialized corporate and institutional libraries in the Toronto region, however, access is frequently restricted.

The Direct Borrowing arrangements York has with the Ontario Council of University Libraries enables students and faculty to use the resources and borrow materials from twenty Ontario academic libraries, including business collections at the University of Toronto, University of Western Ontario, and Ryerson University.

Collecting Levels and Strengths

An assessment of the collection was carried out towards the end of 1989 for the North American Collection Inventory Project. Since then we have continued to build the collection and the Business collection in English language imprints is on the whole at a level 4. The level 4 (research level) is assigned to the collection to indicate that it is predominantly in the English language and that the retrospective collection lacks depth. Some topics within the subject area fall in level 3 b (study or instructional level, advanced). The aim of the collection policy is to maintain this level 4 and improve the collection to this level where it is at present in level 3 b and where the development reflects the focus and direction identified in faculty growth plans and initiatives. In a few areas the level is at a 4+ due to the acquisition of research databases such as Computstat, CRSP, selected Thomson SDC databases. and Datastream and access to the Wharton Research Data Service.

In selecting publications in the Business subject area priority is given to theoretical or scholarly works, publications reporting research, empirical and analytical studies, proceedings and reports of scholarly conferences, country studies, and industry studies.

Full-text and numeric databases are a strength of the collection. York University Libraries participation in the Ontario Council of University Libraries Scholars Portal has greatly enhanced access to full-text electronic Journals and electronic books on business, management, accounting, finance, human resources, health administration, marketing, business ethics, nonprofit sector, entrepreneurship, organizational behaviour, corporate governance, international business, and operations research. The material is owned and archived on OCUL servers at the University of Toronto and therefore is available in perpetuity. The Scholars Portal and similar projects such as JSTOR and Project Muse have enabled York University Libraries to cancel paper subscriptions of some titles while improving access to many titles electronically twenty-four hours a day, seven days per week. Research numeric databases such as Compustat, CRSP and Thomson SDC are acquired as funds permit and the cost of these is shared with the Schulich School of Business. Subscribing to the WRDS (Wharton Research Data Service) has greatly enhanced the ability of faculty and PhDs to access financial and economic resources.

The collection has benefited greatly from the generous support of Dean D. Horvath Schulich School of Business, which has enabled us to acquire electronic resources which would not have been possible within the current level of the Libraries budget.

Last updated 2005